The Dutch painter, Hiernonymous Bosch, was born in 1450 as the Renaissance in Italy was starting to flower. The Garden was painted during the period of time from 1505-1510, making it an almost an exact contemporary of works like Michelangelo's Sistine ceiling and Raphael's School of Athens, both in the Vatican. Even though the painting has a deeply moralistic theme, Vatican art it ain't. Actually, it's not ONE painting, but THREE, a triptych, nearly seven feet tall and stretching some twelve feet in length. And with it's outlandish depictions of sin and the afterlife, it is one of the oddest, most outlandish paintings ever produced.
The left panel is a fairly straight-forward Biblical (though somewhat fantastical) rendition of God, Adam, and Eve in the Garden of Eden. The massive center panel, entitled The world before the Flood, however literally defies description, peopled with dozens of nude figures ingaged in every form of debauchery known to man amidst what can only be called a fairyland of vice. And even more disturbing, the right panel is entitled simply, Hell. It's Salvadore Dali run amok, Steven King on an upset stomach, seasoned with a generous portion of Adolph Hitler at his best (worst?). One has to wonder if Michelangelo was influenced by Bosch in his painting of The Last Judgement. Look at them both side by side. You be the judge.